Reprogramming Stem Cells
Cell reprogramming is the process of reverting mature, specialized cells into induced pluripotent stem cells. Reprogramming also refers to the erasure and re-establishment of epigenetic marks during mammalian germ cell development. The discovery of Induced pluripotent stem cells emphasizes on reprograming of any adult differentiated cells into stem cells by genetic modification under precisely controlled laboratory conditions. Reprograming of cells is supposed to presage revolution in both, medical and biological research and allows modeling and analysis of human diseases and cell cytotoxicity by drugs. The technique is still in its growing phase and requires a great deal of extensive research and approval from authorities for further trials.